What is Malignant Narcissism?

“I have the boss from hell,” Kara told her psychotherapist at the beginning of treatment. Kara had been experiencing poor self-esteem, sleeplessness, and constant worry since she started her new job as an assistant to Mr. E, a junior vice president. On her first day,...

What are differences between unipolar and bipolar depression?

A psychiatrist treating a patient for depression must make sure the depression is unipolar, or garden-variety depression, and not bipolar, in which episodes of mania also occur. This is a fictional example of a patient with bipolar disorder: “Liam” was a 19-year-old...

Other non-medication treatments for depression

Healthy living strategies are the best treatment for depression, often recommended in addition to other treatments. These include regular exercise, a regular daily schedule, and a Mediterranean-type diet. Sleep hygiene is very important- bedtime at the same time every...

What are the treatments for depression?

Psychotherapy alone is recommended for mild to moderate depression. A combination of psychotherapy and an antidepressant is recommended for severe or psychotic depression, or depression that hasn’t improved despite psychotherapy. Antidepressants are not recommended...

What is the evidence that depression is a medical condition?

We can see differences in the brain of depressed and non-depressed people through special tests. One test used for psychiatry research is the PET study-Positron Emission Tomography. This is a machine that measures body tissue metabolism. All body tissues use glucose,...